CONSERVACIÓN DE INSECTOS EN LA AMAZONIA

Marc J. Dourojeanni

Resumen


La porción del bioma amazónico incluida en áreas protegidas y territorios indígenas se ha duplicado durante las últimas tres décadas. Hoy cubre el 51% de la Amazonia. Los insectos a menudo se consideraron en los estudios previos. Sin embargo, la mayoría de las especies de invertebrados en áreas protegidas de la Amazonía son desconocidas. La situación de las especies en la parte no protegida empeora a medida que se expande la agricultura, la minería y la tala selectiva, especialmente impactando en especies endémicas en valles aislados en la porción andino-amazónica y en la periferia de la Amazonía. Además, las consecuencias del efecto de borde empeoran a medida que se multiplican los fragmentos forestales. El cambio climático tendrá graves consecuencias. La contaminación del agua tiene un impacto creciente poco medido en los invertebrados acuáticos. La taxonomía, especialmente en los países amazónicos, sigue sin ser atractiva para los entomólogos jóvenes o para las, cada día más pobres, instituciones científicas. Así, el ya difícil tema de la sistemática está empeorando a pesar de nuevas tendencias, como los códigos de barras de ADN. La preocupación por la biopiratería aumenta los obstáculos que los gobiernos imponen para la investigación científica. A pesar de todo, el balance general para la conservación de insectos es más positivo que negativo, ya que se puede asumir que la entomofauna está tan protegida en áreas protegidas como cualquier otro animal o planta. Se discuten algunas alternativas para mejorar la conservación de insectos en la región.

Palabras clave


insectos, Amazonia, situación, conservación, áreas protegidas.

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21704/rea.v18i2.1337

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