Soil arthropods associated with sweetpotato crop (Ipomoea batata L.) in La Molina, Lima, Peru

C. Livia-Tacza, G. Sánchez

Resumen


Sweetpotato (Ipomoea batata L.) is an economically important crop grown in Peru. The present study aimed to determine the soil arthropods associated with sweetpotato and its relative abundance in sweetpotato production fields in La Molina, Lima, Peru. Evaluations were conducted at Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, from February to August 2017. Samples were collected using pitfall traps and examined at the Klaus Raven Büller Entomology Museum. Soil morphospecies were extracted and separated from collected samples and then counted, recorded and identified. They were also admitted to the Entomology Museum collection. Eighty morphospecies in the classes Collembola, Insecta, Malacostraca, Arachnida and Chilopoda of phylum Arthropoda were recorded. Within the Collembola class, Entomobryidae was the most abundant family; within Insecta, Gryllus spp. (Gryllidae); within Malacostraca, Porcellio laevis (Porcellionidae); within Arachnida, Theridion volubile (Theridiidae) of the order Aranea; and within Chilopoda, the order Lithobiomorpha. By understanding the diversity of arthropods, it may inform future measures and improve control of pests by taking into consideration the soil arthropods among which important beneficial natural enemies could be found.


Palabras clave


Arthropods, sweetpotato, soil, pitfall traps

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias


Altieri, M. (1999). The ecological role of biodiversity in agroecosystems. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 74, 19–31.

Araujo, R., Vivallo, F., & Araujo, C. (2013). Five new species of Baeus Haliday, 1833 (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea: Scelioninae) from Brazil with an updated key to Neotropical species. Zootaxa, 3670 (1), 80–86.

Behan-Pelletier, V. (1993). Diversity of soil arthropods in Canada: Systematic and ecological problems. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 125, 11–50.

Bellinger, P., Christiansen, K.., & Janssens, F. (1996-2019). Checklist of the Collembola of the World. [March 16, 2019]. http://www.collembola.org

International Potato Center. (2019). Datos y cifras del camote. [November 12, 2019]. https://cipotato.org/es/sweetpotato/sweetpotato-facts-and-figures/

Coddington, J., Giribet, G., Harvey, M., Prendini, L., & Walter, D. (2004). Arachnida. In J. Cracraft, & M.J. Donahue (Eds.), Assembling the tree of life. (pp. 296—318). New York, Oxford University Press.

Cortet, J., Vauflery, A. G.D., Poinsot-Balaguer, N., Gomot, L., Texier, C., & Cluzeau, D. (1999). The use of invertebrate soil fauna in monitoring pollutant effects. European Journal of Soil Biology, 35 (3), 115–134.

Kaspari, M. (2003). Introducción a la ecología de las hormigas. In F. Fernández (Ed.), Introducción a las hormigas de la región Neotropical. (pp. 97–108)Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt. Bogotá, Colombia.

Fonseca, C., Zuger, R., Walker, T., & Molina, J. (2002). Estudio de impacto de la adopción de las nuevas variedades de camote liberadas por el INIA, en la costa central, Perú. Caso del valle de Cañete. (24 p.). Lima, Perú. Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP). http://cipotato.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/SW63967.pdf

Ishida, H., Suzuno, H., Sugiyama, N., Innami, S., Tadokoro, T., & Maekawa, A. (2000). Nutritive evaluation on chemical components of leaves, stalks and stems of sweetpotatoes (Ipomoea batatas Poir). Food Chemistry, 68(3), 359–367.

Larco, A. (2018). Entomofauna predadora de suelo en alcachofa (Cynara scolymus L.) y palto (Persea americana M.) en Vegueta, provincia Huaura‑Lima. (Master’s thesis, Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Lima. Perú). http://repositorio.lamolina.edu.pe/handle/UNALM/3518

Leistikow, A. & Wägele, J. (1999). Checklist of the terrestrial isopods of the new world (Crustacea, Isopoda, Oniscidea). Revista brasileira de Zoologia, 16 (1), 1–72. https://www.scielo.br/pdf/rbzool/v16n1/v16n1a01.pdf

Loiácono, M. & Margaría, C. (2004). Las especies del género Baeus (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) endoparasitoides de ootecas de arañas en la región neotropical. Acta Zoológica Mexicana, 20(1), 83‑90.

Martin, F.W. (1988). Sweet Potato. ECHO Technical Note. N°18. https://www.echocommunity.org/resources/0a6d2931-1f41-489b-be21-962e6f2b5979

Oliver, I. & Beattie A.J. (1993). A Possible Method for the Rapid Assessment of Biodiversity. Conservation Biology, 7, 562–568.

Oliver, I. & Beattie A.J. (1996a). Designing a cost-effective invertebrate survey: a test of methods for rapid assessment of biodiversity. Ecological Applications, 6, 594–607.

Oliver, I. & Beattie A.J. (1996b). Invertebrate morphospecies as surrogates for species: a case study. Conservation Biology, 10, 99–109.

Prado-Sepúlveda, C., Darío, H. & Galvis, S. (2016). Los ciempiés (Myriapoda: Chilopoda) de bosque andino en el municipio de Icononzo (Colombia, Tolima) y clave para las familias presentes en Colombia. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa, 58, 188–196.

Pyle, R., Bentzien, M., & Opler, P. (1981). Insect Conservation. Annual Review of Entomology, 26, 233–258. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/pdf/10.1146/annurev.en.26.010181.001313

Robles, S. H. 2002. Evaluación de Predadores de Suelo en los Cultivos de Camote (Ipomoea batatas L.) y Papa (Solanum tuberosum L.) en la Provincia de Cañete, Lima – Perú. (Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Lima. Perú).

Rondón, S. (1999). Artrópodos de suelo en los cultivos de camote y algodonero en la costa central del Perú. (Master’s thesis, Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Lima. Perú).

Schuller, S. P. (2003). Geoarthropodofauna predadora de los cultivos de tomate (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) y maíz (Zea mays L.) en Chancayllo, valle de Chancay. (Master’s thesis, Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Lima. Perú).

Sistema Integrado de Estadística Agraria. (2017). Boletín estadístico de producción agrícola y ganadera. IV Trimestre. Ministerio de Agricultura y Riego. http://www.minagri.gob.pe/portal/download/pdf/herramientas/boletines/prod-agricola-ganadera/prod-agricola-ganadera-iv-trimestre2017_020318.pdf

Stevens, N. & Austin, A. (2007). Systematics, distribution and biology of the Australian ‘microflea’ wasps, Baeus spp. (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae): parasitoids of spider eggs. Zootaxa, 1499, 1–45.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21704/pja.v4i1.1438

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.


Copyright (c) 2020 C. Livia-Tacza, G. Sánchez

 width=

 La revista Peruvian Journal of Agronomy de la Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina esta licenciado bajo una Licencia Internacional Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial 4.0.

 

Office:

Peruvian Journal of Agronomy
Facultad de Agronomía
Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina
Av. La Molina s/n, La Molina.
Lima 12. Perú
Phone: +51 (1) 6147800 - 475
e-mail: pja@lamolina.edu.pe