Tierra Nuestra 2022-10-07T19:10:09-05:00 Dr. Jim Anchante Arias Open Journal Systems <p align="justify">La revista Tierra Nuestra, <strong>ISSN 2519-738X (En línea), ISSN 1818-4103 (Impresa), </strong>es una revista del Departamento Académico de Ciencias Humanas, cuya valiosa labor editorial se realiza en el marco de las carreras científico- tecnológicas de la Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, también es un medio de expresión donde publican docentes e investigadores peruanos y extranjeros en forma de artículos científicos originales, que son sometidos al arbitraje o revisión por pares doble ciego (internos y externos), en tres secciones, según las áreas de ciencias sociales; de lingüística, literatura y comunicación; y de ética y filosofía. Los artículos enviados para su publicación son originales, que no han sido publicados en ningún otro medio de comunicación.</p> <p align="justify">La revista Tierra Nuestra se encuentra en el repositorio de la UNALM, en el <a href=""> <span style="text-decoration: none;">Directorio de </span>Latindex</a> y en el <a href="">Í<span style="text-decoration: none;">ndice de Actualidad Iberoamerícana</span></a>.</p> <p align="justify">Puede contactarse con nosotros y enviarnos su manuscrito a nuestro correo electrónico:</p> Characterization Linguistic policies around Peruvian Sign Language (PSL) 2022-03-07T09:03:32-05:00 Rodrigo Saniel Galloso Cossios Dallely Alexandra Candela Tenorio Josseline Yanniré Vega Vicente <p>The main objective of this article is to analyze the linguistic policies regarding a viso-gestural language: Peruvian Sign Language or LSP. Currently, the Ministry of Culture oversees the linguistic policies of the country’s native languages; however, although LSP could be considered native, it is not and does not fall under the linguistic policies of the Ministry of Culture. On the other hand, the Ministry of Women oversees the LSP language policies; however, it has not worked much in favor of the LSP. The article concludes that if the LSP were considered a native language, many gaps in language policies could be resolved.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Rodrigo Saniel Galloso Cossios, Dallely Alexandra Candela Tenorio, Josseline Yanniré Vega Vicente Bicentennial in Peru in the context of the global crisis due to the pandemic (2020-2021) 2022-06-21T22:30:02-05:00 Ernesto Walter Llanos Argumanis <p>This essay attempts to make a critical reflection on the Bicentennial of Peru (1821-2021) in the context of the global crisis due to the COVID-19 pandemic (2020-2021); above all, in reference to the democratic fragility in Peru as a result of the successive coups d’état during its republican history and the recent political crises. The polarized confrontation of the political dynamics, the lack of dialogue, corruption, media sensationalism, citizen indignation and indifference and the lack of addressing the problems of injustice and social inclusion show political ineffectiveness, characterized by conservatism, authoritarianism, corruption and power struggles that ignore the interests of a fragmented nation with a democratic political culture in a precarious and eventful formation process.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Ernesto Walter Llanos Argumanis Freire's ontological perspective on the awakening of the student's conscience through teaching 2022-07-18T12:54:58-05:00 Edward Faustino Loayza Maturrano <p>On the centenary of Paulo Freire’s birth, the interpretation of oppression and liberation in Pedagogy of the Oppressed still has a human value across cultures, space and time, inspiring educators to rethink teaching, as the subjective consciousness of students is obscured from an ontological perspective. This theoretical study analyzes from an ontological perspective the discovery of a new student and a new teacher. A student with the exercise of subjective awareness in teaching and a teacher with greater efficiency overcoming the barriers of inequality through the pedagogy of dialogue and the cultivation of the critical conscience of the student with the purpose of dignifying the student through his agent role in teaching activities that is currently denied. In addition, some discussions are established, practical solutions to achieve a change in education and teaching.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Edward Faustino Loayza Maturrano Superstition and fantasy in «Gubi Amaya» by Juana Manuela Gorriti 2022-08-29T10:14:34-05:00 Jim Alexander Anchante Arias <p>This article is an analysis of the story «Gubi Amaya» by the Argentine writer Juana Manuela Gorriti. This analysis is based on the external structure of the story, as well as on the configuration of its represented world, linked to the context of gothic literature and romanticism. From this link, the aim is to demonstrate that the story in question is identified with a fantastic trend from the category of superstition. The theoretical framework used highlights the characterization of the fantastic as a strategy for the revelation of superstitious thought. Thus, a key element to understand this aesthetic-ideological proposal is the recovery of the lost world of childhood by the narrator. This recovery, and the fantastic effect that this entails, is achieved through a space-time journey as a possible key to the enigma in the story. In addition, it expresses in turn a split of the character that gives title to the text, which leads us to the notion of the double as a prototype of fantastic literature. To clarify this paranormal phenomenon, the Freudian concept of the sinister is used, with the objective to clarify whether the action of the narrator in her search for the past is part of reality or the dream world.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jim Alexander Anchante Arias Perception of violence in university students in relation to gender and place 2022-08-15T21:37:55-05:00 Yulissa Navarro Pablo Romo <p>Latin America is one of the most violent regions in the world, and unfortunately Peru is included among the most violent countries in the region. This affects not only the victims but also society and this also translates into economic losses and limitations to achieve the well-being of its citizens. For example, in Peru, at least 63.2% of women have been victims of some type of violence in 2018 (INEI, 2019), and the place of occurrence is not only homes, but also other spaces. social institutions that are perceived as safe such as educational institutions, or universities. Based on the above, an exploratory research is presented that shows the perception of university students regarding the level and type of violence they have suffered. To provide a better view of the problem, variables that complement the study were analyzed, such as gender, type of violence and the most recurrent places where these unfavorable scenarios for a person’s development occur. In the results presented, it was found that at least 56% of those surveyed have perceived being victims of violence.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Yulissa Navarro, Pablo Romo An approach to the Andean cosmovisión in «Oshta y el duende», by Carlota Carvallo de Núñez 2022-08-03T09:57:10-05:00 Emma Aguilar-Ponce <p>The aim of this paper is to analyze the Andean cosmovision (pachasofía) in the story «Oshta y el duende», by Carlota Carvallo de Núñez. The analysis focuses on the tripartite structure of the Andean world conceived in hanan pacha (world above), kay pacha (world here) and uku pacha (world below). With respect to hanan pacha, atmospheric phenomena are analysed, while, in relation to kay pacha, the relationship between human and nature is developed, as well as the attitude of the child Oshta with his mother Silveria. Likewise, the analysis of the uku pacha concentrates on the mythical character of the goblin (muqui). Finally, it is affirmed that in the story, the tripartite structure of the Andean cosmovision exposes certain characteristics of the western perspective. In this context, characters such as the fox and the puma show, through their mischievous behaviour, the transgression of the divine perception in this conception; as well as the attitude of the mother when she leaves the child to take care of the sheep, this work being entrusted to the feminine sphere. This work is developed appealing mainly to the reflections of Josef Estermann, J.J.M.M. Van Kessel, Carmen Salazar Soler, Francisco Izquierdo Ríos, David Heflin, among others.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Emma Aguilar-Ponce Comparative analysis of the narratives in La civilización del espectáculo and La sociedad del cansancio 2022-09-03T14:44:49-05:00 Tomás Carlos M. Barriga Barriga <p>This article aims to analyze the narratives of the civilization of the spectacle and the society of tiredness as two complementary proposals that explain the current reality influenced by the media and the consequent trivialization of culture and self-exploitation.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Tomás Carlos M. Barriga Barriga Influence of ICT on reading comprehension and creative writing: a systematic review 2022-10-07T19:10:09-05:00 María Elena Francia-Jesús Asalia Mendoza-González Elba María Andrade-Díaz <p>This document aims to report on the analysis of studies related to the processes of reading comprehension and creative writing through ICT resources, 2017- 2021. The current advance in ICT and its relationship with education allows the use of innovative tools that are publicly accessible and key to the development of both variables. The methodology of the study will elucidate whether the use of ICT resources influences the process of reading comprehension and creative writing. The search strategy was carried out in the following databases: la Referencia, Scopus, Scielo y Dialnet, and the following equation was applied: (ICT) AND (READING COMPREHENSION OR CREATIVE WRITING) AND (SECONDARY STUDENTS). Hence, after applying filters to the 331 articles found, 30 were selected and included in the systematic analysis. The results show that applying strategies that involve using ICT resources for developing reading comprehension and creative writing benefits the student and stimulates creativity, strengthening their self-learning skills, comprehension, and text production. </p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2022 María Elena Francia-Jesús, Asalia Mendoza-González, Elba María Andrade-Díaz