¿Es representada apropiadamente la conservación de la biodiversidad en los estudios de valoración económica?

Autores/as

  • José Dávila Doctorado en Economía de los Recursos Naturales y el Desarrollo Sustentable, Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina. Lima, Perú.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21704/ne.v7i1.1672

Palabras clave:

conservación de biodiversidad, experimento de elección, revisión sistemática, valoración contingente, insensibilidad al alcance

Resumen

En las últimas dos décadas, las técnicas de preferencias declaradas han sido utilizadas para estimar la disposición a pagar por la conservación de la biodiversidad. Sin embargo, los resultados de estas técnicas pueden presentar fenómenos que contradicen la teoría económica, como la teoría de la utilidad y el bienestar. A partir de una revisión sistemática, se identificaron las características de aplicaciones de Valoración Contingente y Experimento de Elección para el caso de la biodiversidad, cuya conservación es un bien público. Se identificó que la conservación de la biodiversidad es estudiada mayormente a partir de representaciones de especies (flora y fauna) y hábitats. Los estudios que incluyeron la representación de funcionalidad contribuyeron en la no aparición de insensibilidad al alcance, lo que respaldaría el uso de sus resultados en políticas públicas ambientales.

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Publicado

2022-06-30

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Artículo de revisión / Review article

Cómo citar

Dávila, J. (2022). ¿Es representada apropiadamente la conservación de la biodiversidad en los estudios de valoración económica?. Natura@economía, 7(1), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.21704/ne.v7i1.1672

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