Life Cycle of the Diamondback Moth Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), in Broccoli and Cauliflower under Laboratory Conditions

C. Huaripata, G. Sánchez

Resumen


This research aimed to determine the biological cycle of Plutella xylostella (DBM), raised in broccoli var. Calabrese and cauliflower var. Snowball in laboratory conditions averaging 76.1 ° F and 65% RH. The mating of the moths was carried out in one-liter plastic containers and the postures were incubated inside 200 ml polypropylene cups, both covered with nets. To provide suitable food for larvae the plants were cultivated under cover to avoid infestation with pests. Fresh leaves were used to feed the larvae until pupation. The results were analyzed with the nonparametric statistical test of Kruskal-Wallis. The following biological parameters were obtained, reared with broccoli and cauliflower leaves respectively: incubation period 3 days; larval period 9.76 and 9.69 days; pupal period 5.1 and 5.3 days; biological cycle 19.5 and 19.9 days and 175 and 187 eggs as the capacity of oviposition of mated females. These results do not show significant statistical differences of the moth’s biological cycle between the two host plants.


Palabras clave


Plutella xylostella; DBM; life cycle; Brassicaceae; broccoli; cauliflower.

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referencias


Cohen, J. H., Kristal, A. R., & Stanford, J. L. (2000). Fruit and vegetable intakes and prostate cancer risk. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 92(1), 61–68. https://doi.org/10.1093/jnci/92.1.61

Ebrahimi, N., Talebi, A., Fathipour, Y., & Zamani, A. (2008). Host Plants Effect on Preference , Development and Reproduction of Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) Under Laboratory Conditions. Advances in Environmental Biology, 2(3), 108–114. http://scinet.dost.gov.ph/union/Downloads/108-114_224638.pdf

Fernández, S., & Alvarez, C. (1988). Biología de Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae) polilla del repollo (Brassica oleraceae L.) en condiciones de laboratorio. Agronomía Tropical, 38: 17–28.

García-Morató, M. (2000). Plagas y enfermedades en el cultivo de coliflor. Descripción y control. Vida Rural: 34-37. https://www.mapa.gob.es/ministerio/pags/biblioteca/revistas/pdf_vrural/Vrural_2000_107_34_37.pdf

Golizadeh, A., Kamali, K., Fathipour, Y., & Abbasipour, H. (2009). Life Table of the Diamondback Moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) on Five Cultivated Brassicaceous Host Plants. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 11, 115–124. http://jast.modares.ac.ir/article-23-9848-en.pdf

Hasanshahi, G., Jahan, F., Abbasipour, H., Salehi-tabar, M., Askarianzadeh, A., Karimi, J., & Rahimi, AH. (2014). Biology and demography of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) on five cauliflower cultivars under laboratory conditions. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 57(1), 61–66.

Keck, A. S., & Finley, J. W. (2004). Cruciferous Vegetables: Cancer Protective Mechanisms of Glucosinolate Hydrolysis Products and Selenium. Integrative Cancer Therapies, 3(1), 5–12. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534735403261831

Lampe, J., & Peterson, S. (2002). Brassica, Biotransformation and Cancer Risk: Genetic Polymorphisms Alter the Preventive Effects of Cruciferous Vegetables. The Journal of. Nutrition, 132(10), 2991–2994. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/131.10.2991

Lingappa, S., Basavanagoud, K., Kulkarni, K., Patil, R., & Kambrekar, D. (2004). Threat to Vegetable Production by Diamondback Moth and its Management Strategies. Fruit and Vegetables Diseases. USA, Kluwer Academic Publisher, 357-396.

Niu, Y. Q., Li, X. W., Li, P., & Liu, T. X. (2013). Effects of different cruciferous crops on the fitness of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Crop Protection, 54, 100–105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2013.08.004

Saeed, R., Sayyed, A. H., Shad, S. A., & Zaka, S. M. (2010). Effect of different host plants on the fitness of diamond-back moth, Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Crop Protection, 29(2), 178–182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2009.09.012

Sánchez, G., & Vergara, C. (2014). Plagas de Hortalizas (Cuarta edición). Lima - Perú: Departamento de Entomología. Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, 172 p.

Sarnthoy, O., Keinmeesuke, P., Sinchaisri, N., & Nakasuji, F. (1989). Development and Reproductive Rate of the Diamondback Moth Plutella xylostella from Thailand. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 24(2), 202–208. https://doi.org/10.1303/aez.24.202

Syed, T. S., & Abro, G. H. (2003). Effect of Brassica vegetable Hosts on Biology and Life Table Parameters of Plutella xylostella under Laboratory Conditions. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 6(22), 1891–1896. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2003.1891.1896




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21704/pja.v3i1.1132

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.


Copyright (c) 2019

Office:

Peruvian Journal of Agronomy
Facultad de Agronomía
Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina
Av. La Molina s/n, La Molina.
Lima 12. Perú
Phone: +51 (1) 6147800 - 475
e-mail: pja@lamolina.edu.pe