Cost-effectiveness of agriculture risk management strategies for resilience to climate shocks in Niger State, Nigeria

Authors

  • Adedayo Olufemi Adekunle Agricultural Economics and Farm Management Department, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.
  • Raphael Olanrewaju Babatunde Agricultural Economics and Farm Management Department, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.
  • Segun Bamidele Fakayode Agricultural Economics and Extension Department, Federal University of Oye Ekiti, Nigeria.
  • Morolake Bolaji Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER), Ibadan, Nigeria.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21704/pja.v6i3.1966

Keywords:

benefit-cost, risk management, resilience, food security, irrigation farming

Abstract

The ability of a system, community or society exposed to hazards to resist, absorb, to accommodate and recover from the effects of a hazard in a timely and efficient manner is termed resilience. In this study we used a recent cross-sectional survey data of 293 farming households in Niger State, Nigeria to examine the cost effectiveness of risk management strategies for resilience to climate shocks. Benefit-cost analysis of mitigation strategies was examined where benefit-cost ratio (BCR), and net present value (NPV) were used as decision rules. The mitigation strategies mostly used were drought tolerant crops (62.8 %), crop diversification (60.8 %), buffer stock (54.6 %) and dry season farming (41.3 %). The result showed that about 52 % of the sampled households were food secure while 48 % of them were food insecure. The result showed that dry season rice farming had the highest net benefit (NB) and NPV ($ 199.98) while rain fed maize ($ 35.01) and rice had the least NPV; the result showed the NPV for drought tolerant crops- cassava ($ 170.25), millets ($ 101.58) and sorghum ($ 96.43). The study recommends that households should take up dry season rice farming and grow drought tolerant crops such as cassava, millets and sorghum. Governments should invest in and research and breeding of drought tolerant crops in order to improve food security and household resilience.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abubakar, I. U., & Yamusa, M. A. (2013). Recurrence of drought in Nigeria: causes, effects and mitigation. International Journal of Agriculture and Food Science Technology, 4(3), 169–180. https://www.ripublication.com/ijafst_spl/ijafstv4n3spl_02.pdf

Adzawla, W., Azumah, S. B., Anani, P. Y., & Donkoh, S. A. (2020). Analysis of farm households’ perceived climate change impacts, vulnerability and resilience in Ghana. Scientific African, 8(e00397), 2468–2276, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sciaf.2020.e00397

Akanbi, S. O., Adekunle, A. O., Mukaila, R., & Isola, A. J. (2022). Assessment of crop farmers’ attitude to risk and management methods in oyo state, Nigeria. Western Balkan Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, 4(1),37–48. https://doi.org/10.5937/WBJAE2201037O

Alves, F. M. M. (2015). Cost-Benefit Analysis in Climate Change Adaptation: The Use of Participatory Methodologies. [Masther’s Thesis, University Institute of Lisbon]. ISCTE repository. http://hdl.handle.net/10071/11386

Atu, J. E., & Okon, E. M. (2018). Flood effects on agricultural productivity: Implications for mangrove forest ecosystem in Akpabuyo, Cross River State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Human Social Science, 18(B3), 1–3. https://socialscienceresearch.org/index.php/GJHSS/article/view/2637/2526

Baiyeri, K. P., & Aba, S. C. (2017). Effective crop evaluation and sustainable crop management for mitigating climate change risks. In Obiri J. A. F., Driver, M. F., Onyekwelu J. C., Akpoko J. G., Ramasawmy B. & Dramé-Yaye, A. (Eds.), Agricultural risk management in Africa: A contextualized manual for tertiary institutions and development practitioners (pp. 207-221). The African Network for Agriculture, Agroforesty and Natural Resources Education. file:///C:/Users/USUARIO/Downloads/FinalFinalAgriculturalRiskManagement.pdf

Buckley, J., & Peterson, H.C. (2015). Preliminary cost-benefit analysis for urban agriculture: an introduction. Community and regional food systems project. https://fyi.extension.wisc.edu/foodsystemstoolkit/files/2015/09/Buckley-Peterson-cost-ben-150904-more-index.pdf

City Population (2020). NIGER State in Nigeria. https://citypopulation.de/en/nigeria/admin/NGA027__niger/

Henri-Ukoha, A. (2020). Assessment of the cost-benefits of climate change adaptation strategies of cassava-based farmers in Southern Nigeria. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 10(10),99–110. https://journalijecc.com/index.php/IJECC/article/view/348/697

Ikusemoran, M., Kolawole, M. S., & Adegoke, K. M. (2014). Terrain analysis for flood disaster vulnerability assessment: a case study of Niger State, Nigeria. American Journal of Geographic Information System, 3(3): 122–134. http://article.sapub.org/10.5923.j.ajgis.20140303.02.html

International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (2013). The drought tolerant maize for Africa project: Six years of addressing African smallholder farmers’ needs DTMA Brief. http://dtma.cimmyt.org.

Lunduka, R. W., Mateva, K. I., Magorokosho, C., & Manjeru, P. (2019). Impact of adoption of drought-tolerant maize varieties on total maize production in south Eastern Zimbabwe. Climate and Development, 11(1), 35–46. https://doi.org/10.1080/17565529.2017.1372269

Magorokosho, C., Vivek, B., & MacRobert, J. (2009). Characterization of maize germplasm in Eastern and Southern Africa: results of the 2008 regional trials coordinated by CIMMYT. https://repository.cimmyt.org/handle/10883/3770

Niger State Bureau of Statistics (2012). Facts and Figures about Niger State. https://www.nigerianstat.gov.ng/pdfuploads/Niger%20State%20Facts%20&%20Figures%202012.pdf

Obiri, J. A. F., Driver, B. M. F., & Yaye, A. D. (2017). General Introduction. in: J. A. F. Obiri, M. F. Driver, J. C. Onyekwelu, J. G. Akpoko, B. Ramasawmy & A. Dramé-Yaye (Eds.), Agricultural Risk Management in Africa- A Contextualized Manual for Tertiary Institutions and Development Practitioners (pp. 1–8). The African Network for Agriculture, Agroforesty and Natural Resources Education. file:///C:/Users/USUARIO/Downloads/FinalFinalAgriculturalRiskManagement.pdf

Okogbenin, E., Setter, T. L., Ferguson, M., Mutegi, R., Ceballos, H., Olasanmi, B., & Fregene, M. (2013). Phenotypic approaches to drought in cassava: review. Frontiers in Physiology, 4(93),1–15. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2013.00093

Onyeneke, R. U., Nwajiuba, C. A., Emenekwe, C. C., Nwajiuba, A., Onyeneke, C. J., Ohalete, P., & Uwazie, U. I. (2019). climate change adaptation in Nigerian agricultural sector: a systematic review and resilience check of adaptation measures. AIMS Agriculture and Food, 4(4), 967–1006. https://doi.org/10.3934/agrfood.2019.4.967

Sova C. A., Chaudhury A. S., Helfgott A., & Corner-Dolloff, C. (2012). Community-based adaptation costing: an integrated framework for the participatory costing of community-based adaptations to climate change in agriculture. https://cgspace.cgiar.org/bitstream/handle/10568/21076/ccafs_wp_16.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Stern, N. H. (2006). Stern Review: The economics of climate change. HM TreasuryLondon. https://www.osti.gov/etdeweb/biblio/20838308

Umoh, G. S. (2008). Programming risks in wetland farming: Evidence from Nigerian flood plains. Journal of Human Ecology, 24(2), 85–92. https://doi.org/10.1080/09709274.2008.11906104

Downloads

Published

2021-12-31